Iran`s sacred defense as a human heritage

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Iran`s sacred defense as a human heritage



T he eight-year Iran-Iraq war in Iran is known as the "Holy Defense". The reason is as follows: In the last 200 years, due to numerous wars, many regions of Iran have been separated and are now considered independent countries or parts of other countries. Britain disrupted the historical borders of eastern Iran with India, which for centuries coincided with the Indus River, and separated eastern Iran, including much of Balochistan, Makran, Herat, and Afghanistan. According to the will of Peter (Tsar of Russia), which stated that access to the warm waters of the Persian Gulf is a long-term strategy for all generations of Russia, Russia separated thousands of kilometers of historical Iranian lands, including the Caucasus, Yerevan, Shirvan, Georgia and the eastern Caspian Sea including Merv, Ashgabat, Samarkand, and Bukhara from Iran. In the west, British and Russian colonization indirectly mediated the conclusion of the Erzurum Treaty between Iran and the Ottomans, which separated Iranian cities and oil-rich fields Mandali, Khanaqin, and Sulaymaniyah. In southern Iran, with the long-term UK occupation of Iranian ports and islands, including Bahrain, Dubai, Ajman, Ras al-Khaimah, the island of Sir Abu Nu'Ayr (which is now occupied by the UAE), and many other areas that have been an integral part of Iranian rule for centuries illegally separated from Iran.

The Eight-Year War was the first major war in which, despite Iran's severe weakness, no region was separated from Iranian territory. That is why Iranians call it the "Holy Defense".

The following article attempts to approach this war from another angle.


1: According to international relations theories, until World War II, the most important reason for the outbreak of wars was the lack of a proper global response to border attacks, crossing military frontiers, occupation, and disintegration of other countries. During the May Crisis and before the Second World War, Mussolini proposed that a conference of European powers from Britain, France, Italy, and Nazi Germany be convened. In 1938 the conference was convened in Munich without the presence of a representative of the Soviet Union or Czechoslovakia, and these powers, at the end of the meeting, gave the Sudetenland to Germany, regardless of the territorial integrity of Czechoslovakia.

"I have returned from Germany with peace for our time," Neville Chamberlain said after the Munich agreement was signed. But he did not know what the consequences of disregarding the right of national sovereignty and preserving the territorial integrity of other countries would be. After Austria and Czechoslovakia, Hitler went to Poland and lit a war that engulfed Europe and parts of the world for more than six years.

The powerful countries of the world, in the absence of reaction and ignoring the occupation of the territory of other countries, which did not directly harm their interests, sought a blissful peace that they never achieved. The war was followed by the signing of the Charter of the United Nations on June 26, 1945, in San Francisco at the end of the United Nations Conference on the Establishment of an International Organization, to establish world peace and security and to respect the territorial integrity of nations.

2: After the Second World War, on the one hand, following the intensified competitions and expansionism following the Cold War, on the other hand, due to the rise of the issue of energy security, land disputes resumed and wars and coups were launched by the superpowers intensified. Following the dominance of such an atmosphere, the 8-year Iran-Iraq war, which was one of the longest, most damaging, and costly wars of the 20th century, began.

This war took place in the context of Iran's internal instability following the Islamic Revolution in 1979 and less than a year after the Revolution, indicating that all government institutions were in confusion and the army was in turmoil after joining the Revolution. Saddam promised an imminent victory and fired the first cannon at Iran. The Iraqi army was also heavily equipped by Western and Eastern countries and was supported by their advisers and intelligence. The Iranian army and military organization are in weakness and turmoil and arms embargoes so that many were waiting for the imminent fall of the new Iranian government or at least the occupation of large parts of Iran, including oil-rich areas of Iran. It was the resistance and fight tooth and nail of people's volunteer force that pulled Iranian territory out of Saddam's mouth and preserved its territorial integrity. This war, which was imposed on Iran by Saddam at the instigation and connivance of the superpowers, could end quickly.

So it could be another example of wars over energy resources which was supposed to lead to another prosperous "peace of our time" by the world powers and even other countries in the region. But again the wheat of peace did not reach the teeth of any of those countries, after the end of the Iran-Iraq war, Saddam occupied Kuwait while looking at the lands of the Arabian Peninsula. The same countries that provided the most financial support to Saddam during the Iran-Iraq war. After that, it was only the entry of the United States and other Western countries into the coalition that saved Saudi Arabia from the threat of occupation and liberated Kuwaiti territory. The entry was accompanied by the outbreak of the First Persian Gulf War, the establishment of military bases, the large-scale deployment of US troops, and the domination of their government over the world's energy bottlenecks. Because oil and energy security was a new mega-trend that became extensive after the decolonization of World War II, and both the Eastern and Western blocs agreed on it.

At the same time, the basis for the formation of the United Nations as the only organization that connects all governments and nations of the world and puts them around a table was to respect the rights and territorial integrity of countries.

3: The Iran-Iraq war was one of the longest wars of the 20th century and soon followed the first Persian Gulf War. This war took place at the same time as the media revolution in the world and the spread of the visual media and caused the world opinion to become sensitive about this war and the subsequent conflicts in the Middle East because, in many countries of the world, especially Western countries, daily news was being published about the Iran-Iraq war. If the Vietnam War sensitized the consciences of the people of the world to the direct incitement of war by the superpowers; The Iran-Iraq war drew the attention of the people of the world to a new dimension of these arsons. The prolongation of the war in the oil-rich areas, in which both the Eastern and Western blocs are cooperating, has sensitized the public to the hidden and main goals of the war. So after the end of the Iran-Iraq war, when Saddam occupied Kuwait the United States suddenly claimed to be the flag bearer of the struggle against Saddam and the liberation of Kuwait.

The long resistance of the Iranians, who in an unequal war and under severe sanctions, shielded their flesh to prevent the destruction of the country, and the looting of oil-rich lands was one of the reasons for public awareness of the facts behind the oil wars. It made it unprecedentedly difficult for the great powers to invade other countries. Even the US had to make a gesture of a freedom fighter, to persuade public opinion to justify its military intervention and carry out extensive propaganda like the Nayirah testimony.

4: The sensitivity of the public opinion of the world to the national sovereignty of other countries is the result of homelessness, death, and disability of many human beings, and this is a very high price. The 8-year "sacred defense” and bloodshed of hundreds of thousands of Iranians against the occupation played a unique role in its formation. Therefore, it can be said that the sacred defense of Iran is not only a national issue but also a human heritage and belongs to all free human beings: the heritage of establishing the right of national sovereignty and territorial integrity.


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